Arch:安装Archlinux

采取UEFI+win10双系统

安装

准备

  • 压缩windows磁盘卷
  • 刻录archlinux 引导盘

安装系统

分区

fdisk /dev/sda进行分区:

/dev/sda1 EFI
/dev/sda2 windows reserved
/dev/sda3 windows 10
/dev/sda4 20G /
/dev/sda5 16G swap
/dev/sda6 50G /home
/dev/sda7 others /var
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda4
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda6
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda7
mkswap /dev/sda5


mount /dev/sda4 /mnt
mkdir /mnt/home
mkdir /mnt/var
mount /dev/sda6 /mnt/home
mount /dev/sda7 /mnt/var
swapon /dev/sda5

创建系统

ping archlinux.org
timedatectl set-ntp true
pacstrap /mnt base linux linux-firmware

genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
arch-chroot /mnt

ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime
hwclock --systohc

pacman -S extra/vim

#/etc/locale.gen 选zh-CN.UTF-8
locale-gen

#/etc/locale.conf
LANG=zh-CN.UTF-8

# /etc/hostname
OptiPlex-7080

# /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1	localhost
::1		    localhost
127.0.1.1	OptiPlex 7080


passwd

pacman -S networkmanager
systemctl enable NetworkManager.service
pacman -S extra/refind

mkdir -p /boot/efi
mount /dev/sda1 /boot/efi
refind-install

然后修改/boot/refind_linux.conf,改成最后一行那样。

安装完操作

useradd -G wheel -m riguz
passwd riguz
pacman -S wqy-microhei wqy-zenhei

软件源

pacman -Ss reflector
reflector --verbose --latest 5 --sort rate --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
pacman -S xorg xorg-server
pacman -S plasma-desktop sddm
pacman -S sudo
systemctl enable sddm.service

重启即可

其他软件安装

sudo pacman -S net-tools dnsutils inetutils iproute2
sudo pacman -S adobe-source-han-serif-cn-fonts
sudo pacman -S adobe-source-han-sans-cn-fonts
sudo pacman -S openssh
sudo systemctl enable sshd.service
sudo pacman -S zsh

设置Windows使用UTC硬件时钟

貌似还是不准确。

reg add “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\TimeZoneInformation” /v RealTimeIsUniversal /d 1 /t REG_QWORD /f