ConcurrentHashMap<String,LongAdder> freqs; //...
freqs.computeIfAbsent(key, k -> new LongAdder()).increment();}

The implementation extends Striped64, which is a data holder for 64-bit values. The values are held in cells, which are padded (or striped), hence the name. Each operation made upon the LongAdder will modify the collection of values present in the Striped64. When contention occurs, a new cell is created and modified, so the the old thread can finish concurrently with contending one. When you need the final value, the sums of each cell is simply added up.